Best Practice References - Social Dimension of Sustainability

Social Dimension: People live in equality and equity

ILO (International Labour Organization of the United Nations). 2008. ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization. Geneva, CH: ILO.


1. Equity and gender        


2. Right livelihood

Cross, P., Edwards, R.T., Hounsome, B. and Edwards-Jones, G.  2008. Comparative assessment of migrant farm worker health in conventional and organic horticultural systems in the United Kingdom. Science of the Total Environment, 391 55 - 65.

Eyhorn, F., Ramakrishnan, M., and Mäder, P., 2007. The viability of cotton-based organic farming systems in India.

Hansen, L. 2004. Hansen, Lene 2004. What is the Working Environment like on Organic Farms? Forskningsnytt om økologisk landbruk Norden

Hepperly et al. 2006. The Rodale Institute Farming Systems Trial 1981 to 2005: long-term analysis of organic and conventional maize and soybean cropping systems.

Jansen, K. 2000. Labour, livelihoods, and the quality of life in organic agriculture. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 17 (3), 247-278.

Koesling, M., M. Ebbesvik, G. Lien, O. Flaten, P.S. Valle, and H. Arntzen.  2004. Risk and Risk Management in Organic and Conventional Cash Crop Farming in Norway. Acta Agriculturæ Scandinavica Section C - Food Economics, 1 (4), 195-206.

Lobley, M., M. Reed, A. Butler, P. Courtney and M. Warren 2005. The Impact of Organic Farming on the Rural Economy in England. University of Exeter. Centre for Rural Research, Exeter.

Morison, D., R. Hine, and J.N. Pretty 2005. Survey and analysis of labour on organic farms in the UK and Republic of Ireland. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainablity 3(1), 24-43.

Padel, S. 2001. Conversion to organic farming: a typical example of the diffusion of an innovation. Sociologia Ruralis, 41 (1), 40-61.

Schäfer, M. (Ed.) 2007. Zukunfsfähiger Wohlstand - der Beitrag der ökologischen Land- und Ernährungswirtschaft zu Lebensqualität und nachhaltiger Entwicklung, Marburg: Metropolis Verlag.

Shreck, A., C. Getz, and G. Feenstra 2006. Social sustainability, farm labor, and organic agriculture: Findings from an exploratory analysis. Agriculture and Human Values, 23 (4), 439-449.

Valkila, Joni (2009). Fair Trade organic coffee production in Nicaragua — Sustainable development or a poverty trap? Institute of Development Studies        

3. Labor and human rights

Social Accountability International, 2008. SA8000,

United Nations. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


4. Safety and Hygiene